Possible explanations for why we dream:-
- Represent unconscious desires
- Interpret random signals from the body
- Consolidate and process information gathered from the day
- To work as psychotherapy
- Offline memory processing
- Cognitive simulation of real life experiences
- Development of cognitive capabilities
- Psychoanalytic (dreams are meaningful representations of life)
- Incorporating three temporal dimensions: experience of present, processing of past, and preparation for the future.
- ‘Dreaming ego’ that would be unsettling when awake
What are dreams?:-
- There is no cognitive state that has been as extensively studied and misunderstood as much as dreaming.
- Psychoanalysis concentrates on the meaning of dreams and on placing them in the context of relationships in the history of the dreamer.
- Reports of dreams tend to be full of emotional and vivid experiences that contain themes, concerns, dream figures, objects, etc. that correspond closely to waking life.
- These elements create a novel “reality” out of seemingly nothing, producing an experience with a lifelike timeframe and lifelike connections.
What do dreams mean?:-
- Our thoughts before we sleep could affect the content of our dreams.
- These circumstantial observations suggest that during the transition from wakefulness to sleep, elements from the everyday re-emerge in dream-like imagery.
- Dreams ease repression by permitting repressed memories to be reinstated.
- The findings of one study are consistent with the possibility that processing memories into dream incorporation takes a cycle of around 7 days.
- Researchers suggest that memories for personal experiences are experienced fragmentarily and selectively during dreaming, perhaps in order to integrate these memories into the long-lasting autobiographical memory.
- A hypothesis stating that dreams reflect waking-life experiences is supported by studies investigating the dreams of psychiatric patients and patients with sleep disorders, i.e., their daytime symptoms and problems are reflected in their dreams.
- Authors have hypothesized that one cluster of typical dreams (object endangered, falling, being chased or pursued) is related to interpersonal conflicts; another cluster (flying, sexual experiences, finding money, eating delicious food) is associated with libidinal motivations; and a third group (being nude, failing an examination, arriving too late, losing teeth, being inappropriately dressed) is associated with superego concerns.
- Dreams were evaluated in people suffering different types of headache. It was found that people suffering with migraines had increased frequency of taste and smell dreams.
Can dreams predict the future?:-
- Some dreams may seem to predict future events. Experts suggest that when this happens, it is usually due to coincidence, a false memory, or the unconscious connecting together known information.
Why are dreams hard to remember?:-
- Researchers estimate that 5 minutes after a dream, people have forgotten 50 percent of its content.
- It is not known precisely why dreams are so hard to remember. However, there are several steps that people can take to improve their dream recall. These include:
- Waking up naturally and not with an alarm
- Focusing on the dream as much as possible upon waking
- Writing down as much about the dream as possible upon waking
- Making recording dreams a routine
- Frequently, details from a dream have been seen before, perhaps the previous day or a week prior to the dream.
- Recalling something from a week ago is known as the “dream-lag effect.” The idea is that certain types of experiences take a week to be encoded into long-term memory, and some of the images from the consolidation process will appear in a dream.